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Scope of Trade

There is no statutory definition of ‘trade’. The only statutory reference to the term is that ‘trade’ includes a ‘venture in the nature of trade’. This absence of a formal definition decides if an activity is a trade more difficult. However, over time the courts have set some established guidance. 

It is clear from the significant amount of case law on this subject that a decision on whether there is a trade is a grey area. However, even having established that a trade, or a venture in the nature of trade, exists, the next question to consider is the scope of that trade.

HMRC’s internal guidance on this matter states as follows:

In many cases the nature and extent of a particular trade is never explicitly considered. This is particularly the case where there is no dispute about the nature of the trade, whose scope is implicitly understood and accepted.

However, the scope of a particular trade is fundamental when questions arise concerning:

  • whether particular receipts are income of the trade,
  • whether expenditure is incurred wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the trade, or
  • whether expenditure is capital or revenue for tax purposes.

One trader’s sale, or purchase, of a fixed capital asset may be another trader’s sale, or purchase, of trading stock.

Source: HM Revenue & Customs Tue, 02 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0100

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Some accountancy websites also provide pages and pages of tax information, helpsheets, etc. We prefer to give clients personally tailored advice. So, if you want details of tax rates and allowances just go to the HMRC website on which you should find what you’re looking for. If you need more individual advice please contact us.

Below are links to websites you may find of interest, but as we like to support our local community and clients, we have included links to websites that may be of interest:

HMRC
FT
BBC
VEALE WASBROUGH VIZARDS
CESP
PRACTICE INDEX
SIMCOMM ACADEMY

More Local:
FOOTPLATE EXPERIENCE
ANGLEBURY PRESS
OFFCAMBER.CO.UK